The rules applicable in civil and trade matters in the United Kingdom and the EU Member States are contained in the following EU instruments and agreements: for claims made at the end of the transitional period and including an exclusive choice of a judicial transfer concluded from 1 October 2015, in which the elected court is established in a contracting part of the present Convention (including all EU Member States) , apply the rules of the 2005 Hague Convention on Judicial Arrangements (which must be implemented by the Private International Law Act (implementation of the Conventions). The Lugano Convention governs the jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments between EU states and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Switzerland, Iceland and Norway. The UK is already a member of the Lugano Convention in accordance with Article 127 of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, which provides that EU legislation (and international agreements to which the EU is a party) will continue to apply until the end of the transitional period scheduled for 31 December 2020. Article 67 and Regulation 92 include judgments rendered before or after the transition period by a UK court or eu Member State in a procedure opened before the end of the transition period, but which were not carried out in an EU Member State or the UNITED Kingdom before the expiry of the transitional period. At the end of the transitional period, the exclusive choice of judicial agreements concluded from 1 October 2015 and chosen by a COURT in the United Kingdom or by the jurisdiction of a Member State of the European Union for the settlement of disputes remains subject to the provisions of the 2005 Hague Convention on the Selection of Judicial Agreements. The UK remains bound by the Lugano Agreement during the transition period under the general provisions governing EU external action, under which “the UK is bound during the transitional period by obligations under international agreements concluded by the EU.”

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